The inbound marketing movement has led to lots of interesting discussion around sales approaches. That's understandable - after all, as buyers have more tools at their disposal to self serve and avoid sales people, it's reasonable that more than marketing needs to change. Foresightful companies are creating a continuum of prospect experience with an inside sales person as the quarterback.
Traditional silos of PR, marketing, field sales & customer service will be melded together into one complimentary revenue growth team. (For more background check out this 10 minute narrated picture book and this presentation on a prospect buying continuum.)
That's a tall order though. Org chart changes have to be CEO driven - and most of the work I see underway in companies is intra vs. inter departmental. In other words, the marketing department recognizes they have to adapt to digital and undertakes to do so. But the sales department, with a different perspective, leadership, and priorities continues down their narrowing path.
That's creating lots of waste and inefficiency - and companies can ill afford either. While I see many examples of waste, three pervasive obsessions exist. These include:
Great digital marketing built on qualitatively sound personas, rigorous understanding of buyers' journeys and quality content built for each persona/journey stage, creates lots of leads.
In the Age of the Seller leads are either qualified by budget, authority, need, time defined, or not. However, in the Age of the Buyer, the research and education process results in digital marketing contacts well before they're leads. Yet many companies hand these off to their field sales and even channel sales, in turn alienating the contacts.
Which can lead to even sharper instructions to sales teams to rigorously qualify leads to only spend time on those which might actually close. And that's a clumsy response which belies a B2B sales myopia.
Instead of viewing the abundance of leads as a burden, a more appropriate response is to view those leads as a long-term asset to be properly developed - like talent. With that perspective marketing automation can be used to intelligently and effectively segment and nurture leads. Combined with savvy inside sales teams, complex marketing automation can not only bring many interested contacts to the lead stage, but transition them to sales at precisely the right time.
Both approaches result in sales teams working on the right leads - but the classic approach squanders a hard won asset while a more enlightened approach, which carries an incremental cost of nearly $0, nurtures that asset.
Developing a process which fosters efficiency while eliminating opportunity for error/defect is satisfying. However, many people find Implementing it every day difficult.
Unfortunately maintaining a process also provides a crutch for those hesitant to change. This is common in organizational silos when IT, PR, Marketing, Sales & Customer Service are accustomed to doing things "their own way."
A process, for instance, for routing leads that was developed during the Age of the Seller is simply ill suited to today's markets.
What Jenny always does, or what Pete prefers to do are patently irrelevant. You know longer put a "While you were out" hand written message in someone's message box - and you should no longer route a lead according to the same rules which were appropriate when you did.
Similarly, any sales & marketing website which is controlled by any department other than revenue growth is counterproductive and a vestige of an outdated process mentality. Sites used to be built with unwieldy and complex code. Today they are WYSIWYG. Sure, if you've got a complex SaaS site or database connections and robust ecommerce, that's different. And managing MX records and DNS hosting may be better suited to someone from the IT realm. Outside of those technical areas, there's nothing that IT will do to enhance the outcome, nor will they add any expertise critical to revenue growth success. All IT contributes to a typical B2B marketing & sales website is sclerotic processes.
PR that doesn't embrace the power of optimized content, SEO, inbound links, distribution & promotion and strategic goals, largely fails. If you allow outdated processes to constrain your revenue growth development over a window longer than six months, you're failing your responsibility to the business.
Inbound marketing was supposed to democratize marketing and enable small companies to compete against large companies with huge ad budgets.
The good news is that it has. Examples like River Pools & Spas are proof positive. The bad news is that it often fails. Not only does it take a lot of work, but it takes the right work.
Too often practitioners subscribe to a checklist approach. Now, process is important. Following best practice tactical steps routinely is fundamental to the consistent, incremental improvement which is an important component of long term inbound marketing success. After all, if you attract 5% more visitors, convert 2% more of those to leads, and successfully nurture 20% more of those to customers, the power of compounding is significant.
But that's like a performance tune up on the engine - first you've got to get the cylinders cycling. That takes vision. If it was simply a function of frequency of publication, why wold some frequent blogs have no traffic?
Checklists are to avoid missing details - they're no substitute for business savvy, vision and understanding of buyers and markets.
What's behind these obsessions and counterproductive inclinations? Mindset.
Carol Dweck has done some fascinating research into the difference between fixed and growth mindsets. (click either image to open a larger version)
The premise is that folks with a "fixed mindset" prefer to look smart, and will "stick to what they know" to avoid stumbling. In contrast, those with a "growth mindset" will learn, fail, look silly and believe that their potential progress is without bounds.
In my experience most inhibitors to to B2B revenue growth can be traced to fixed mindsets.
And that leads to waste
Every revenue growth team needs administration. Someone needs to run payroll, someone needs to proofread and someone needs to ensure that there's paper for the copier.
But there's a huge amount of energy that get's expended peeing on fire hydrants, filtering out leads that should be nurtured, trying to reconcile conflicting and counterproductive processes and producing crap to satisfy checklists rather than provide value to prospects.
Think of your revenue growth activities like this.
They are either focused on internal issues or prospects/customers, and they are either process focused or sales/outcome focused.
Waste (internal process):
- building spreadsheets of requested page title, headline and image alt tags for IT (instead of just changing them)
- meeting after meeting regarding how to set up APIs between systems (use the organic system and if it becomes an order manually enter it in your ERP)
- multi-departmental review of content (if sales and marketing don't get the company values and can't be relied on....that's a different problem)
- sales people that won't use technology fully
- clumsy trade show lead management
- writing every follow up email from scratch
Friction (customer process):
- sales reps that make prospects explain again what they want / don't understand how to interpret customer online behavior (if you're hesitant to give them access you've got the wrong people)
- dumb forms - make people fill out the same information repeatedly
- reviewing sales orders for accuracy (it's sensible, but the error rate should be zero)
- forcing trade show leads to endure your lead management process (rather than seamless experience)
Sales Operations (internal sales):
- reviewing nurturing email open, click & unsubscribe rates (you do that right? to ensure you're continuously improving?)
- pipeline report review to identify where projects get hung up to guide creation of sales enablement tools
- monitoring competitive and journalist social media for insights
Revenue growth (customer sales):
- researching prospects on the web & social media to inform follow up
- efficiently using content to advance the sales process
- balancing account and project management by leveraging technology as a multiplier
- creating case studies & testimonials
What percent of your revenue growth resources are actually focused in the upper right quadrant? Probably a precious small piece. But would you even be able to determine that easily? Probably not - and that is precisely why strategic revenue growth initiatives often require outside expertise to implement.
It's neither simple nor easy but it's important
Getting this right requires change. American manufacturers that ignored management science failed - those that embraced it went through the challenging process of implementing quality and efficiency programs that allow them to compete globally.
It's time to manage revenue growth with the same determination - and to abandon the cavalier approach which often sounds like "Let's forecast last year's revenue plus 3%.)